The song was written for a woman to sing in which she berates "her selfish, exploitative man",  Last Avenue - Nervous System (3) - Last Avenue/Rendition/Pied Piper (Vinyl) in it she "expresses a woman's rejection of a man — the metaphorical dog in the title". Moonoogian concurs, calling it "a biting and scathing satire in the double-entendre genre" of s rhythm and blues.
Leiber and Stoller wrote the song "Hound Dog" in 12 to 15 minutes, with Leiber scribbling the lyrics in pencil on ordinary paper and without musical notation in the car on the way to Stoller's apartment. That's not a complicated piece of work. But the rhyme scheme was difficult. Also the metric structure of the music was not easy. We got to Johnny Otis's house and Mike went right to the piano … didn't even bother to sit down. He had a cigarette in his mouth that was burning his left eye, and he started to play the song.
Leiber and Stoller along with Johnny Otis, also wrote a different version to the "Hound Dog" song structure on behalf of Big Mama Thornton, recorded with an alternative lyric entitled "Tom Cat". Whitefield, in his book In Search of American Jewish Cultureregards "Hound Dog" as a marker of "the success of race-mixing in music a year before the desegregation of public schools was mandated" in Brown v. Board of Education. InLieber and Stoller recalled that during the rehearsal, Thornton sang the song as a ballad.
Lieber said that this was not the way they planned and sang it for her, with Stoller on piano, as an example of the concept. Thornton agreed to try their recommendation. According to Maureen Mahon, a music professor at New York UniversityThornton's version is "an important [part of the] beginning of rock-and-roll, especially in its use of the guitar as the key instrument". It subsequently became her biggest hit. Said Stoller:. We were worried because the drummer wasn't getting the feel that Johnny had created in rehearsal.
No one can nail that groove like you. Let the kids do it. Otis played drums on the recording,  replacing Ledard "Kansas City" Bell. During the rehearsal, Leiber objected to Thornton's vocal approach, as she was crooning the lyrics rather than belting them out. Speaking to music writer Ralph J. GleasonThornton Last Avenue - Nervous System (3) - Last Avenue/Rendition/Pied Piper (Vinyl) that she added a few interjections of her own, played around with the rhythm some of the choruses have thirteen rather than twelve barsand had the band bark and howl like hound dogs at the end of the song: "I started to sing the words and join in some of my own.
All that talkin' and hollerin'—that's my own. These verbal interjections, sometimes called "blues talk," are common in blues music. When questioned further on the matter, Thornton explained that, while the song had been composed by Leiber and Stoller, she had transformed it: "They gave me the words, but I changed it around and did it my way".
Bertrand says that Thornton's explanation "ingenuously stresses artist interpretation as the sole yardstick with which to measure authenticity". Thornton recorded two takes of the song, and the second take was released. Each has a focal accent which is never repeated.
Thornton's "Hound Dog" differed from most of the rhythm and blues records of the era in its spare arrangement. Instead, supported by guitar, bass and drums, her resonant vocals dominate the foreground, conveying her haughty relief at being through with a trifling man. On September 9,the copyright application for "Hound Dog" was lodged. On the application the words and music are attributed to Thornton and recording executive Don Robeywith the copyright claimants listed as: "Murphy L.
In late February"Hound Dog" was released by Peacock Peacock  with the song credited erroneously on the label to Leiber-Stroller [ sic ]-Otis. So Last Avenue - Nervous System (3) - Last Avenue/Rendition/Pied Piper (Vinyl) we get to the theater they was blasting it. You could hear it from the theater, from the loudspeaker. They were just playing 'Hound Dog' all over the theater.
So I goes up in the operating room, I say, 'Do you mind playing that again? So I stood there while he was playing it, listening to it. So that evening I sang it on the show, and everybody went for it. On March 7,"Hound Dog" was advertised in Billboardand reviewed positively on March 14,as a new record to watch, described as "a wild and exciting rhumba blues" with "infectious backing that rocks all the way". Rufus Thomas quickly records an answer song called "Bear Cat" on Sun Thornton's record is such a big seller that Peacock Records has three new pressing plants running full-time to try and keep up with demand.
Louis, and Los Angeles. Don Robey estimated that Thornton's version of "Hound Dog" sold betweenandcopies, and would have sold more had its sales not been diluted by an abundance of cover versions and " answer songs ". According to Stoller, "Big Mama's 'Hound Dog' went to number one, sold a million copies, and did nothing for our bank statements. We were getting screwed. Everybody livin' in a house but me. I'm just livin. By July"the rock 'n roll age was upon the world, and as the new sensation Elvis Presley recorded "Hound Dog" to international acclaim, Peacock re-released Willa Mae Thornton's original"  by August 18,backing it with "Rock-a-Bye Baby" Peacock 5—   but it failed to chart.
Thornton continues to make personal appearances and is always remembered for her original version of "Hound Dog" which gets a spate of airplay during the summer of which leads to another re-release of the original. Thornton's "Hound Dog" was so popular that it spawned at least ten cover versions of the original before Elvis Presley recorded it in July While Federal's trade ads touted this release as the greatest record ever made by Little Esther,  in its review on April 11,Billboard opined: "It fails to build the same excitement of the original.
Within a month of the release of Thornton's "Hound Dog", the following six country cover versions of the song—all credited erroneously to Leiber-Stoller or Stroller [ sic ] -Otis—were released on several different labels by white artists: . Bass player Al Rex, who joined Bill Haley and His Comets in the fall of told of performing the song when given the spotlight at live performances.
This was even before Presley did it. Haley didn't like those guys from Philadelphia that wrote the song. By the end ofat least six "answer songs" that responded to 'Big Mama' Thornton's original version of "Hound Dog" were released.
In true answer form, the gender of the participants was reversed. This time the protagonist is male, directly challenging the worthless female of the original song—correcting her previous insults and re-directing them at her. While "the result was peppier than Big Mama's version, with a more straight-ahead beat She could have done that song a cappella and convinced me that, by God, you ain't nothing but a damned hound dog! InRobert Palmer wrote: "Even today, Rufus takes perverse delight in pointing out the wrong notes in Louis's solo.
Within two weeks, "Bear Cat" Sun was in stores, prompting Billboard to describe it on March 28 as "the fastest answer song to hit the market". In the months after the release of "Hound Dog" and "Bear Cat", a spate of answer records followed:. When the dust settled, the publishing for "Hound Dog" in all variations remained with Lion, and writing credit with Leiber and Stoller.
In April,Billboard' s Rolontz summed up the events thusly: "The year saw an important precedent set in regard to answer tunes … since the 'Hound Dog' decision, few record firms have attempted to 'answer' smash hits by other companies by using same tune with different lyrics. Two records were released that were neither cover versions of nor answers to Thornton's release, yet used a similar melody without any attribution to Leiber and Stoller.
Bartholomew  and released by the Imperial Records label Imperial 45— by the end of March But it's not Rosco. It simply is not him. Even Rosco confirmed that. It might not even be a Memphis Recording Service demo. Just substitute the words "Hound Dog" for "Juice Head" and what have you got? But the song's other parent is Eddie Vinson 's slowed down "Juicehead Blues" which harks to the previous decade…If indeed this originated from Sam Phillips' studio, it was nothing that Phillips needed to touch because it was another lawsuit waiting to happen.
Philip H. By Philadelphia-based Teen Records co-founder Bernie Lowe suspected that "Hound Dog" could potentially have greater appeal, but knew it had to be sanitized for mainstream acceptance, and so asked popular Las Vegas lounge act Freddie Bell of Freddie Bell and the Bellboyswho had been performing songs with "tongue-in-cheek" humour as the band in residence at The Silver Queen Last Avenue - Nervous System (3) - Last Avenue/Rendition/Pied Piper (Vinyl) and Cocktail Lounge at The Sands Hotel and Casino soon after its opening in December   to rewrite the lyrics for their first release on his label.
Bell removed innuendoes like "You can wag your tail but I ain't gonna feed you no more" and replaced them with sanitized lyrics, changing a racy song about a disappointing lover into a song that was literally about a dog.
In early this version of "Hound Dog" became the first record released on Teen Records TEEN "a subsidiary of the equally obscure Sound Records",  that was owned by Lowe; jazz impresario Nat Segal, who owned Downbeat, the first integrated nightclub in Philadelphia;  and partially by American Bandstand 's creator and first host Bob Horn.
Their recording of "Hound Dog" was a local hit in the Philadelphia area, and received "lots of radio play on the east coast, and Bell found himself with a regional hit,  that included Philadelphia, Cleveland, and New York. Despite "Hound Dog" spending 16 weeks at number one on the pre- Dick Clark Bandstand it attracted no national attention.
In May two months before Presley recorded his versionBell and the Bell Boys recorded a more up tempo version of the song for Mercury that was over 20 seconds shorter, and that also omitted the comedic "arf arf" dog sounds of their Teen Records version.
However, Mercury did not release this new version until after the success of Presley's version. As the legal dispute about its composition had not been resolved, authorship of the Mercury Records version is attributed to Leiber-Stoller-Otis.
It was his first appearance in Las Vegas. Papa: "From the first time Elvis heard this song he was hooked. He went back over and over again until he learned the chords and lyrics. Fontana agreed that Elvis had borrowed the Bellboys version after seeing them perform the song live.
Just weeks after they had seen Bell and the Bellboys perform, "Hound Dog" became Elvis and Scotty and Bill's closing number for the first time on May 15,at Ellis Auditorium in Memphis during the Memphis Cotton Festival before an audience of 7, Whatever Presley got from hearing Freddy Bell's version, which was sometime in April oflasted a couple of months only.
In fact he sang it 21 times, live, at concerts and on television, using Bell's vocal arrangement but which also included his own blues version, at half speed, and only at the end, until he recorded it with what was undeniably, his own arrangement based not just on Scotty Moore' tremendously modern guitar work but his own rage and disgust at what had taken place the night before, at Steve Allen' s Tonight show, when he was forced to sing the song to a bassett hound, and dressed in tails while simultaneously facing an audience of 40 million.
And once he recorded it, it was his version which he chose to deliver, although by the end ofhe'd added inflections from the Thornton version as well. Larry Birnbaum described Elvis Presley's rendition of "Hound Dog" as "an emblem of the rock 'n' roll revolution". Agreeing with Robert Fink, who claims that "Hound Dog" as performed by Presley was intended as a burlesque, "troping off white overreactions to a black sexual innuendo",  Freya Jarman-Ivens asserts that "Presley's version of 'Hound Dog' started its life as a blackface comedy", in the manner of Al Jolsonbut more especially "African-American performers with a penchant for 'clowning' — Louis ArmstrongDizzy Gillespieand Louis Jordan.
When asked if Bell had any objections to Presley recording his own version, Bell gave Colonel Tom ParkerPresley's manager, a copy of his Teen Records' recording, hoping that if Presley recorded it, "he might reap some benefit when his own version was released on an album.
It was his second appearance on Berle's program. Fontana had added a drum roll between verses. The performance started in an upbeat tempo in the style of the Bellboys, but dropped to a half tempo for the dramatic finish.
Unfortunately for Presley, the mainstream public did not find the sexually-charged performance amusing, and controversy erupted. Letters of protest poured into the station, critics called the performance vulgar, moral watchdogs raised concerns about juvenile delinquency, and even the Catholic Church published an opinion piece entitled "Beware Elvis Presley".
Allen refused, insisting he would control the performance so it would not offend the public's sensibilities. Steve Allen, who was notoriously contemptuous of rock 'n' roll music and especially songs such as "Hound Dog", ensured that the performance had a comedic bent, cracking jokes and presenting Presley with a signed prop toilet paper roll as a play on the name of the genre. Although Ed Sullivan had publicly stated he would never invite Presley onto his show, the ratings success of Presley's appearance on The Steve Allen Show convinced him to reconsider.
On September 9,with the song topping several U. During his second appearance on October 28, Presley jokingly introduced the song as "one of the saddest songs we've ever heard," before playing it in full. This proved to be Presley's last live performance on American television. For 7 hours from 2. Fontana on drums, and backing vocals from the Jordanaires. Despite its popularity in his live shows, Presley had not planned nor prepared to record "Hound Dog", but agreed to do so at the insistence of RCA's assigned producer Stephen H.
Sholeswho argued that "'Hound Dog' was so identified with Elvis that fans would demand a record of the concert standard. Though he usually slowed it down and treated it like a blues number in concert, in the studio Elvis wanted Last Avenue - Nervous System (3) - Last Avenue/Rendition/Pied Piper (Vinyl) song to come off as fast and dynamic.
We'd listen to the demo, most of the time, and we'd take it from the demo. Nicole takes them away just before the Germans, tipped off that there is an Englishman there, search the Rougeron home. They board a train to the Brittany coast. On the way, Nicole reveals to Howard that she spent three blissful days with his son.
In LanderneauNicole appeals to her uncle Aristide; he owns fishing boats. Initially suspicious, he finds a man, Focquet, willing to take them to England. However, on their way through the German-occupied town, Sheila gets into a fight with Rose and speaks English in the hearing of a German soldier.
They are all captured at the boat and taken to Major Diessen. Diessen is certain Howard is working for British Army intelligence, using the children as a cover. He has Howard watch the execution of a spy. Howard offers to confess to anything Diessen wants if he will release the others.
Finally, Diessen makes him a totally unexpected private proposal. He will release everyone, including Howard, if he will take another child with him, his seven-year-old niece. Her father, Diessen's younger brother, was killed in Belgium, and the Nazis have discovered that his wife was Jewish. The woman has been dealt with, but Diessen wants to save the child by having her taken to his older brother, a naturalized American citizen living in Just in case, Diessen will keep an eye on Nicole, who refuses to leave France.
Howard counters by threatening to reveal Diessen's dealings with him if Nicole is harmed. Later, safely home, Howard is asked at his club if he "had much difficulty getting back?
The New York Times review stated that "they have made a charming and moving testament against the background of the war. Their 'The Pied Piper' is also irresistably entertaining," complaining only that Preminger's "conventionally arrogant Nazi" seemed out of place. Gifts will be collected for needy families on the Lower East Side.
A toy company has donated toys. Pupello and friends will be on hand at Performance Space today and tomorrow from 1 to 7 P. A huge community Christmas tree, for which donations of ornaments are also requested, will be on view. Pupello said he hoped to make the event an annual one at Performance Spacewhich is part of a community center serving the Lower East Side. One of seven children, he has vivid memories of helping his mother organize holiday collections for the needy.
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