So, who was this humble monk and what are the stories he recorded that have earned him such accolades? It is thought that Bede was born in Monkton, Durhamhowever there is no record of his very early life or family background. At the age of seven however, he was put into the care of Benedict Biscop, who in AD had founded the monastery of St Peter at Wearmouth. During his lifetime Bede wrote around 40 books, dealing mainly with theology and history.
With a special interest in numbers, he spent much time and effort investigating such things as the Church calendar, in particular attempting to calculate the precise date of Easter. In this work, Bede details the history of the conversion of the English to Christianity from the time of St Augustine through to the early eighth century.
So Alcuin says of him: Plurima versifico cecinit quoque carmina plectro. It is possible that the shorter of the two metrical calendars printed among his works is genuine. The Penitential ascribed to Bede, though accepted as genuine by Haddan and Stubbs and Wasserschleben, is probably not his Plummer, I, Venerable Bede is the earliest witness of pure Gregorian Venerable Bede in England.
About this page APA citation. Thurston, H. The Venerable Bede. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. MLA citation. Thurston, Herbert. New York: Robert Appleton Company, This article was transcribed for New Advent by Paul Knutsen.
Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. Remy Lafort, S. Farley, Archbishop of New York. Contact information. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. My email address is webmaster at newadvent.
Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Bede took the Latin and Greek of the early church manuscripts and turned them into something the secular elites of the Anglo-Saxon world could deal with, helping Venerable Bede accept the faith and spread the church. Bede's two chronological works - De Venerable Bede On Times and De temporum ratione On the Reckoning of Time were concerned with establishing the dates of Easter.
Along with his histories, these still affect our style of dating: when equating the number of the year with the year of Jesus Christ's life, Bede invented the use of A. In stark contrast to 'dark age' cliches, Bede also knew the world was roundthe moon affected tides and appreciated observational science. Augustine in AD, it's the key source on the Christianisation of Britain, a mixture of sophisticated historiography and religious messages containing details simply not found elsewhere.
As such, it now overshadows his other historical, indeed all his other, works and is one of the key documents in the entire field of British history. It's also lovely to read. Bede died in and was buried at Jarrow before being re-interred inside Durham Cathedral at the time of this writing the Bede's World museum in Jarrow have a cast of his cranium on display.
He was already renowned among his peers, being described by a Bishop Boniface as having "shone forth as a lantern in the world by his scriptural commentary", but is now regarded as the greatest and most multi-talented scholar of the early medieval era, perhaps of the entire medieval era. Bede was sainted inthus giving him the posthumous title of Saint Bede the Venerable.
Bede was declared 'venerable' by the church inand the word is given on his tomb in Durham Cathedral: Hic sunt in fossa bedae venerabilis ossa Here are buried the bones of the Venerable Bede. Venerable Bede remains now rest in the Galilee Chapel at Durham Cathedral. Within a hundred years of Bede's death, his book was known all over Venerable Bede. The monastery itself did not fare as well. InViking raiders pillaged the coastal monasteries of Northumbria.
Fire destroyed the Saxon buildings, and by the middle of the 9th century, the Jarrow community was abandoned. Bede's legacy was not forgotten, however, and inspired the foundation's rebirth in Its historic importance may have made it one of the first monasteries suppressed at the Reformation, and since St. Paul's has been a parish church.
The remains of the monastery's domestic buildings, dating mostly from the 11th century, still surround the church. The original Saxon basilica serves as the chancel of the present parish church. Its 7th-century foundations are still visible in the main aisle.
Much of its dressed stone came from abandoned Roman buildings, perhaps even Hadrian's Wall. One of three splayed windows contains Saxon glass made in monastic workshops, the oldest glass in Western Europe. An ancient chair in the chancel, presumed to have been the master's chair from the medieval cell, has long been known as Bede's Chair. English Heritage has recognized the importance of both the site and the work of Bede.
Just a few hundred yards across the neat park, they have created Bede's World. The modern complex seems an unlikely departure for English Heritage, but then again, little of Bede's original world remains visible, and there is nothing to conserve.
The new interpretive centre, with its paved courtyard and atrium, offers exhibitions and displays of Bede's life, the monastery at Jarrow, and early Northumbrian history. Bede's World also incorporates a late-Georgian manor, Jarrow Hall, now a restaurant and temporary exhibition site, as well as an herb garden laid out in a traditional monastic plan. Along the banks of the Tyne, English Heritage is developing Gyrwean Anglo-Saxon Venerable Bede recreated to demonstrate life outside the 8th-century monastery.
Replica buildings, rare animal breeds, and ancient grain and vegetable crops are all part of the maturing farmstead.
If Bede might recognize the Gyrwe farm, he certainly would recognize nothing else of modern Jarrow. The industrial age turned the sleepy village into a suburban morass of roundabouts and housing estates.
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